There is some controversy in regard to the yuga cycle and for the purpose of this discussion we are going to take the stance as explained by Sadhguru
Jaggi Vasudev in the video below. This viewpoint is agreed upon by other Hindu pundits
and modern science because it coincides exactly with axial precession
and the movement of our solar system through the heavens.
The yuga cycle affecting us is described as a naturally occurring phenomenon whereby another planetary body comes sufficiently close to Earth
to gravitationally affect
all life on earth causing amongst other things a much higher level of intelligence at its nearest. At this time in 2020 we are passing through Dwapara Yuga with another
62 years to go before the commencement of the next ascending Treta Yuga.
Tracking backwards, we arrive at 510 BC which marks the end of the last Kali Yuga, the lowest point of human capability and we know from our history books
that this period preceding (2x1296 years) was characterised by the most abominable human behaviour and mistreatment not only of ourselves but of the planet.
The preceding Kali yuga ending 26,492 BC saw the demise of the Neanderthals and
Preceding the Kali Yuga which began in 3102 BC, the time considered by many to be the conclusion date of the Kurukshetra War (Mahabharata War), we pass back through
another Dwapara Yuga, a period of long gradual descent in our evolutionary consciousness until 5694 BC which was the end of the last Treta Yuga.
3888 years takes us back to 9582 BC marking the end of the last Satya Yuga said to
have been a time when people lived as gods within an earthly paradise for a period of
In this video, Sadhguru explains some of the detail within the yuga cycle and I'd recommend you taking time out to watch.
If you're pressed for time, skip forwards to 15 minutes for the summary detail.
"CALCULATION OF THE YUGAS
There is confusion about the duration of the yugas mentioned in the Puranas. Svami Sri Yukteshvara Giri from the Himalayas, the disciple of Haidakhan Baba and teacher of Yogananda, published a small
book entitled 'The Holy Science', in the Introduction of which he shows the correct durations of the four yugas. Reason for the miscalculation of the brahmins was, that after the War of Kuruksetra, Yuddhisthira left for the Himalayas and took with him the best of his astrologers and scientists. Those who were left behind on the subcontinent didn't possess enough knowledge to calculate the complex astrological systems in the galaxy. The result was that they inflated each yuga with a factor of 100.
The Puranas tell us that Kali-yuga will last for 432,000 years. In reality, it will last only 4,500 years. Kali-yuga began at the end of Kurukshetra War and had its darkest period around 500 BC. The
dark age ended around 1500 AD. So according to the calculation by the yogis in the Himalayas where the correct knowledge still exists, we are towards the end of Dvapara-yuga now." ~ Iris Goosen
Now if we are to accept the proposition of the yuga cycle described within India's ancient literature
and agreed as being true by modern science (astronomers and astrologers), then let's begin to add in some of the historical ideas we have at hand.
Satya Yuga, 20,012 BC - 9582 BC
It's said that during the Satya Yuga people lived as gods on earth living in harmony with nature. The Greeks have their stories of the gods living on Mount Olympus,
the Hindus have
Nandanavana and there are
Gardens of Eden
or Earthly paradises in other cultures that perhaps reflect a memory of that
People were wide spread over the Earth and we could imagine that this was the
time when vimanas crossed the skys. This is the probable time when Shiva, the Adiyogi
revealed the technology of being human. This knowledge is encapsulated within
Vedanta and travelled to all corners of the earth.
It seems probable that the Sanskrit language also reached a high point along
with the sciences and the world adhered to Sanatana Dharma.
We can only speculate what their lives may have been like and is only after the
end of that period (9582 BC) that archaeological evidence becomes more available.
Treta Yuga, 9582 BC - 5694 BC An age of descending consciousness.
As the celestial body moved further away, there was a gradual decline in wisdom
characterised by an increasing sense of selfishness, base behaviour and
conflict. For the sake of humanity, the community leaders had perfected Sanskrit
and the method for passing on knowledge. Sanatana Dharma had been codified to
enable humanity to endure the dark times ahead with Vedanta and the science of
yoga to light the way.
In the west, Gobekly Tepe was created as a reminder of Dharma and the Indus Valley civilisation
began gravitating toward cities. We have a growing aversion to spirituality and a passion for materialism
Melting of the northern ice sheet and sea level rise forcing populations
The filling of the Black sea creating a water way from the Mediterranean
to northern Afghanistan which was then part of greater India.
Regional desertification from the Sahara to nth India.
An intensification of agriculture, metallurgy, trade and population
The idea of money or a value system for exchange.
Migrations out of India commence.
The combination of these factors created a patriarchal society and a leaning
towards materialism characterised as patriarchal capitalism.
This is when Avesta, a new movement spearheaded by patriarchal capitalists split away from Vedanta distancing themselves from
Dharma preferring instead to wage war, keep slaves and primarily seek a life of pleasure.
Dwarpara Yuga, 5694 BC - 3102 BC
The descent into madness escalates, patriarchal capitalism gains strength in the
west and India needing to trade becomes infected. Sanatana Dharma begins to
weaken and there is some corruption in the transmission of ancient knowledge.
Trades between China, Russia, Mesopotamia, Europe and Egypt.
Hindus travel to Australia (proven @ 4000 BC) and the Americas.
Sanatana Dharma shapes the cultures of central Asia, East and SE Asia.
Europe was colonised and stones (ie. stonehenge) come into use as civilisational aides.
Commencement of pyramid building in Brazil.
Cattle were worshipped in Egypt.
Metallurgy and related trades flourish.
The Indus cities develop further.
Lord Krishna was born and the Kurukshetra war takes place perhaps signifying
the commencement of the kali Yuga.
Kali Yuga, 3102 BC - 510 BC
During this period the human consciousness sinks to its lowest ebb although many creative geniuses emerge. The Iron Age commences along with war
and patriarchal capitalism begins to dominate all life west of Persia but to counteract this, the wise ones begin building in stone
as a guide or as symbols of hope.
The temple culture of India emerged, yoga and Vedanta were propagated to
maintain and guide the people.
The pyramid culture of Egypt emerged.
The culture of SE Asia shaped by Sanatana Dharma.
Avesta had become Zoroastrianism and seeded Judaism.
The Iron Age begins in India circa 1200 BC.
Persian, Mongol and other empires evolved and spread.
It's said Greece existed as an idea 1100 BC
Rome was founded in 753 BC.
Dwarpara Yuga, 510 BC until Now An age of Ascending consciousness.
The mentality of the Kali Yuga lingers on in the form of civilisational momentum. The key facts of this period of history are well documented
and despite the present day conflicts happening all over the world and the
nastiness within politics, there is a growing sense of enlightenment
and a strong desire for the world to return to sanity.
Such a return to sanity implies a return to Dharma and the phasing out of patriarchal capitalism along with the financial systems that
served to bind people to their suffering. With the next Treta Yuga commencing in
only 62 years, if we don't destroy ourselves in the meantime then future
generations may be able to experience greater heights of possibility and a
genuine peace on earth though there it will take another 3888 years before
our planetary system enters into the next Satya Yuga.
It's not my intent to list everything that has happened but to present this page as a summary and you can fill in your own historic facts.