An inside story of North West India, the Tajiks, Afghans and Punjabis
Unmistakably Aryan. This is how the ancient Vedic people were and these same people were foundational to ancient Persia, Afghanistan and Central Asia and North West India.
The history of North West India is confusing to any interested in knowing. Those
who wrote the history books invented a history to suit their political agendas
thereby corrupting the truth and denying future generations access to their
traditions and genealogy.
Many books and historians say the knowledge and wealth of India came by way of
an Aryan invasion, that the Hindus were not capable. This is a made up myth like
that of the Dravidian south. The people of this region were capable, they used
their intelligence to create an enduring civilisation by following the
principals of Sanatana Dharma - a way of life in accord with nature that may
Elements of Sanatana Dharma such as one creator god morphed into Judaism,
Christianity and Islam, yet Bharatha (Bharat or India) retains this today even
though 1400 years of occupation have tried to destroy this.
Who are the Aryans?
To understand the real story of ancient India, Iran, Afghanistan and Central
Asia, we must look back some 24000 years to find the real history that has been
shredded and obfuscated by Greek and Western historians who without even knowing
the languages or local history, have invented a history to make themselves feel
comfortable and please their masters.
Long before Gobekle Tepe (9000BC), the north of India had a recognisable
civilisation steered by an active
intelligence interested in the welfare of all. This was accentuated by
Shiva, the great yogi who clarified what it was to be fully human, and his
teachings intensified the search for self realisation making it more valuable
than physical possessions and power over others.
These were not only Aryan tribes, they included many other groups including the
ancient Bahlika (Bactria) from where over a period of perhaps 20,000 years,
small groups migrated up and down down through North West India. There was never an invasion,
just a cultural intermixing along with trade and the exchange of ideas. It is
thought that by 6000 BC, The Indus valley civilisation was flourishing with
trade routes to North Africa, Europe and East Asia. Sanatana Dharma was
flourishing, the Sanskrit language was advancing along with the sciences. This
is also the beginning of the Persian period in history and long before the
Mongol invasions from AD 400 - 1300.
This post sets out to explain time frames of ancient Bahlika.
Bahlikas in Balkh or Bactria
According to the Bhuvana kosha section of the Puranas, Bahlika was a Janapada
located in the Udichya (Uttarapatha) division. Some hymns of Atharvaveda invoke
the fever to go to the Gandharis, Mahavrsas (a tribe of Punjab), Mujavants and,
further off, to the Bahlikas. Mujavant is the name of a hill (and a people)
located in Hindukush & Pamir.
According to the Puranic traditions, Dhrshta was one of the nine sons of Manu.
From him came a number of clans called Dharshtakas who were reckoned as
Kshatriyas. According to Shiva Purana, the Dharshtaka princes became rulers of
Bahlika and the region we know today as Tajikistan/Northern Afghanistan.
The region once known as Bactria spread along the banks of the Oxus River which
flows down into the Aral Sea. When Alexander the Greek stormed through the
region in 300 BC, he encountered a very prosperous civilisation that didn't have
enough nouse to prevent his advance. Yet during this period, the Oxus River was
part of a navigable waterway from the Aral Sea, to the Caspian Sea, the black
sea and into the Mediterranean which no doubt helped him to take his loot back
The region at this time was also in the early stages of desertification and to
counter this, the people of the region built massive canals on a scale almost as
grand as the current Chinese plan to channel water from the Brahmaputra River to
Beijing. The geology of this region is primarily soil blown from the Himalayas
over tens of thousands of years. To make stronger buildings, the people were
firing bricks on a massive scale which would have accelerated deforestation and
desertification. Travelling through the area today there are the ruins of a
great many forts built from Earth to protect and control traffic along the Oxus
Some groups migrated from central Asia people to current day Punjab in Pakistan
where they created another prosperous community called Bahlika. Dr P. E.
Pargiter points out that there was also another Bahlika settlement in the plains
of Punjab alongside or south of Madra Desa. Madra became a great kingdom known
for their horse breeding and skilful riding. They provided horses to other
kingdoms of different eras and the Brahmanda Purana refers to the horses from
Bahlika. Similarly, Valmiki Ramayana refers to the horses of Bahlika, the
Kamboja and Vanayu countries as having excellent breeds. The
Upamitibhavaprapanchakatha also specifies horses from Bahlika, Kamboja and
Turuksha as the best as does the Abhidhanaratnamala which mentions excellent
horses from Bahlika, Persia, Kamboja, Vanayu, Sindhu and the land bordering on
The Satapatha Brahmana speaks of a king named Kauravya (Kaurava) but it is
thought that this Kaurava king is identical with the Bahlika Pratipeya spoken of
in the Mahabharata. King Bahlika participated in the Kurukshetra War and in the
Mahabharata, he is described as a mighty (mahabali) king along with his son
Somadatta and grandson Bhurisravas. It appears that King Bahlika participated in
the Mahabharata war with one Akshauhini (division) army of Bahlika soldiers.
Balkh city is where the ancient centre of Bahlika was. Today Balkh is one of the
34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north of the country. It is divided
into 15 districts and has a population of about 1,245,100, which is multi-ethnic
and mostly a Persian-speaking society. The city of Mazar-i-Sharif serves as the
capital of the province.
juxtaposes the Vedic Bahlikas with the Kambojas (i.e. Kamboja-Bahlika).Besides
Atharvaveda Parisista, several other ancient texts also associate the Bahlikas
with the Kambojas:
Kritavarma tu sahitah KambojaivarBahlikaih |
Kamboja.vishhaye jatair Bahlikaishcha hayottamaih |
A Kashmir recension of ancient Ramayana has the following reading:
Sanskrit master Kshmendra of Kashmir has rendered the above text into his
Ramayana Manjri as follows:
Besides Kambojas, Atharvaveda-Parisista also associates the Vedic Bahlikas with
the Sakas, Yavanas and Tusharas (Saka-Yavana-Tukhara-Vahlikaishcha).
The fact that Puranic evidence locates the Bahlikas in Uttarapatha, that the
close association of the Bahlikas with the Kambojas plus the Tusharas, Sakas and
Yavanas in the Atharvaveda Parisista and other ancient sources suggests that the
Bahlikas were located as a close neighbour to the Tusharas, Sakas, Yavanas and
the Kambojas etc.
Since the Kambojas were located in Badakshan (northeastern Afghanistan and
southeastern Tajikistan) and Pamir region, the Tusharas to the north of Pamirs
and the Sakas on the river Jaxartes (Syr Darya) and beyond, the Bahlikas or
Bahlams, as neighbours to these people should be placed in Bactria.
Studies show that people of Khorasan, Iran & Ancient India were some of the
tallest, healthiest and their nutrition was legendary. The Vedic period and its
veracity has been deliberately shadowed by vested interest more by Greeks and
other European Historians who know nothing about the real history. Europeans
were like tourists in this area and they themselves have their roots these
An image from an ancient version of The Mahabharat depicting the people of Bahlika
The Brahmanda Purana attests that river Chaksu (Oxus or Amu Darya) flowed
through the land of Bahlavas (Bahlikas). The Amu Darya) and Syr Darya run near
parallel from the Himalays to the Aral Sea.
The Iron pillar of Delhi inscription by King Chandra (4 CE), also makes mention
of Bahlikas as living on the west side of the Indus River (Sindhu). After
crossing the seven mouths of the Indus, King Chandra is stated to have defeated
These above several references attest that the Bahlikas were originally located
beyond the seven mouths of river Indus in the country of Bactria and the land
was watered by the river Oxus. But later, a section of these people had moved
from Balkh to Punjab while still others appear to have moved to south-western
India as neighbours to the Saurashtras and Abhiras of Sauviras.
Salya, the king of Madra referred to in the Mahabharata has been called a
Bahlika Pungava i.e. foremost among the Bahlikas. Princess Madri from the Madra
[Madra is now in Pakistan Punjab] Royal Family has also been referred to as
Bahliki i.e. princess of Bahlika clan. There are many families still use Behl,
Bahl, Bahlik or Vahliki in their names in North India & Pakistan.
Edward Pococke states in his book 'India in Greece' that the name Euphrates
is a distortion of 'Su-Bharata' which changed into 'Su-Purattu', hence the
Babylonian and Assyrian name. 'Bharat' (भरत्) is the name of ancient Indian king
after which India was named 'Bharata' (भारत). Bharata is known to have extended
his empire into Central Asia right up to the Mediterranean. ~
The Tajiks of today and their recent history
The Tajiks are the oldest inhabitants of Central Asia. At some point, the
Iranian element, known in Central Asia as the Tajiks, controlled this region
along with northern Afghanistan, the Caspian region, Khwarazm, the regions of
Bukhara, the east and west of the so-called Chinese Turkistan, and the Iranian
The culture of the Tajiks' ancestors played a major role in the world as
testified to by Laufer who said, "We know that at some point the Iranian peoples
occupied limitless lands which included Chinese Turkistan through which they had
established trade, especially with the Chinese and the Turks. The Iranians were
the great middlemen connecting the West to the East. They brought the heritage
of the Greeks to Central Asia and the East and carried the plants and objects of
art from China to the Mediterranean. Their activities had historical and
world-wide significance to a degree that without access to Chinese documents we
would not be able to write the true history of this period.
"The wave of attacks and their subsequent resettlement in Central Asia adversely
affected the Iranians, forcing them to either assimilate into the invaders or
flee into the highlands for protection. These were places that, unlike the river
valleys, were not desired by the invaders.
"The very reason that present-day Tajiks' occupy the most difficult terrain,
away from the good pastures, is that their best lands and most profitable
occupations had been usurped by the invaders. That which remains continues to be
desired by the same invaders."
The 1929 report to the USSR Commission in Charge of Resolving the Land Dispute
between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan by Nissar Muhammadov provides interesting
information, and perhaps clues to older disputes say between the ancient Aryans
and Turan and later between the Iranians and the Turkoman. The following are
"As is evident, they (Tajiks) are the heirs to the most ancient Aryan culture of
Asia related to the Iranian groups of the great Aryan tribes. As a result of
their many misfortunes they have deposited their material remains in many places
on the Iranian plateau. Even if the Aryan population of all these places were
eliminated, the remainder of its inhabitants inform us of the great civilization
which had spread far and wide, away from the present center of the Tajiks. We
observe a clear indication of this in the (Tajikistan) Republic and in the
former Turkistan region (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Karakyrgyzstan,
Dr Naila Hussain
Vedic Influence in Persia